High Voltage, Precision, Battery Stack Monitor

Linear Technology announces the LTC6802®, a highly integrated multicell battery monitoring IC capable of measuring up to 12 individual battery cells. Using a novel stacking technique, multiple LTC6802s can be stacked in series without opto-couplers or isolators, allowing precision voltage monitoring of every cell in long strings of series connected batteries. Long battery strings enable high power, rechargeable battery applications, such as electric & hybrid electric vehicles, scooters, motorcycles, golf carts, wheelchairs, boats, submarines, forklifts, robotics and portable medical equipment. 

The LTC6802-1 is a complete battery monitoring IC that includes a 12-bit ADC, a precision voltage reference, a high voltage input multiplexer and a serial interface. Each LTC6802-1 can measure up to 12 series connected battery cells with an input common mode voltage up to 60V. In addition, multiple LTC6802-1 devices can be placed in series to monitor the voltage of each cell in a long battery string. The unique level-shifting serial interface allows the serial ports of these devices to be daisy-chained without optocouplers or isolators. 

When multiple LTC6802-1 devices are connected in series they can operate simultaneously, permitting all cell voltages in the stack to be measured within 13ms. To minimize power, the LTC6802-1 offers a measure mode, which simply monitors each cell for overvoltage and undervoltage conditions. A standby mode is also provided. Each cell input has an associated MOSFET switch for discharging overcharged cells. For large battery stack applications requiring individually addressable serial communications, see the LTC6802-2. 

The maximum total measurement error is guaranteed to be less than 0.25% from -40°C to 85°C and every cell voltage in a battery stack can be measured within 13ms. Each cell is monitored for under voltage and over voltage conditions and an associated MOSFET switch is available to discharge over-charged cells. Each LTC6802 communicates via a 1MHz serial interface. Also included are temperature sensor inputs, GPIO lines and a precision voltage reference. The LTC6802 is a small 8mm x 12mm surface mount device. The combined robustness, exceptional precision and tiny package directly addresses the critical requirements of emerging and advanced battery technologies. 


  • Measures up to 12 Li-Ion Cells in Series (60V Max)
  • Stackable Architecture Enables >1000V Systems
  • 0.25% Maximum Total Measurement Error
  • 13ms to Measure All Cells in a System
  • Cell Balancing:
    • On-Chip Passive Cell Balancing Switches
    • Provision for Off-Chip Passive Balancing
  • Two Thermistor Inputs Plus On-Board
  • Temperature Sensor
  • 1MHz Daisy-Chainable Serial Interface
  • High EMI Immunity
  • Delta Sigma Converter with Built-In Noise Filter
  • Open Wire Connection Fault Detection
  • Low Power Modes
  • 44-Lead SSOP Package 


  • Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicles
  • High Power Portable Equipment
  • Backup Battery Systems
  • High Voltage Data Acquisition Systems 

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